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医学英语缩写一览表
2014-06-04 17:11  

•aa.-ofeach[]
•Ab.-antibody[
抗体]
•abd.-abdomen[
腹部]
•ABG-arterial blood gas[
动脉血气]
•abn.-abnormal[
异常]
•ABp-arterial blood pressure[
动脉压]
•Abs.-absent[
]
•abstr.-abstract[
摘要]
•a.c.-before meals[
饭前]

•Ach.-actylcholine[乙酰胆碱]
•ACH.-adrenal cortical hormone[
肾上腺皮质激素]
•ACT.-active coagulative time[
活化凝血时间]
•ACTH.-adrenocorticotripic[
促肾上腺皮质激素]
•ad.(add.)-adde[
]
•ad effect.-ad effectum [
直到有效]
•ADH.-antidiuretic hormone[
抗利尿激素]
•ad lib-at liesure[
随意]
•adm.(admin)-adminstration[
给药]
•ad us est.-for external use[
外用]
•af.-atrial fibrillation[
房颤]

•aF.-atrialflutter[房扑]
•A/G ratio.-albumin-globulin ratio[
-球蛋白比]
•AIDS.-acquired immune deficiency syndrome[
爱滋病]
•al.-left ear[
左耳]
•alb.-albumin[
白蛋白]
•AM.-before noon[
上午]
•amb.-ambulance[
救护车]
•amp.(ampul)-ampoule[
安瓿]
•ANA.-anesthesia[
麻醉]
•anal.-analgesic[
镇痛药]
•ap.-before dinner[
饭前]
•appr.(approx.)-approximately [
大约]
•AR.-aortic regurgitation[
主闭]
•AS.-aortic stenosis[
主狭]
•ASA.-aspirin[
阿斯匹林]

•ASD.-atrialseptal defect[房缺]
•AST.-aspartate transaminase[
谷草转氨酶]
•atm.(atmos.)-atomsphere[
大气压]
•ATS.-antitetanic serum[
抗破伤风血清]
•av.-average[
平均]
•Ba.-Barium[
]
•BBT.-basal body temperature[
基础体温]
•BCG.-bacille Calmette- Guerin[
卡介苗]
•biblio.-biliography[
参考文献]
•bid.-twice a day[
每日二次]
•b.m.-basal metabolism[
基础代谢]
•Bp.-blood pressure[
血压]
•bpm-baets per minute[
/]
•BS.-blood sugar[
血糖]
•BW.-body weight[
体重]
•C.- centigrade[
摄氏温度计]

•CA.-carcinoma[]
•Cal.-cancer[
]
•Cal. – calorie[
]
•Cap. – capsule[
]
•C.B.C-complete blood count[
血常规]
•CC.-chief complaint[
主诉]
•CC. list.-critical condition list[
病危通知单]
•CCU.- Coronary care unit[
冠心病监护室]
•CD.-caesarean delivered[
剖腹产]
•CDC.-calculated date of confinement[
预产期]
•CEA.-carcinoembryonic antigen[
癌胚抗原]

•CG.-controlgroup[对照组]
•CK.-creatine kinase[
肌酸激酶]
•Cl.-centilitre[
毫开]
•cm.-centimetre[
毫米]
•CNS.-central nervous system[
中枢神经系统]
•Co.-compound[
复方]
•contra.-contraindicated[
禁忌]

•CT.-computerized tomography[计算机断层扫描]
•C.V-curriculum vitae[
简历]
•DBp-diastolic blood pressure[
舒张压]
•DD.- differential diagnosis[
鉴别诊断]
•dept.-department[
]
•diag.-diagonsis[
诊断]
•DIC-disseminate intravascular coagulation[
弥漫性血管内凝血]
•dl.-deciliter[
分升]
•DM.-diabetic mellitus[
糖尿病]
•DM.-diastolic murmur[
舒张期杂音]
•D.O.A-dead on arrival[
到达时已死亡]

•DOB.-dateof birth[出生日期]
•Dr.-doctor[
医生]
•DIW.-dextrose in water[
葡萄糖液]
•D-5-W,-5% dextrose in water[5%
葡萄糖液]
•DU-duodenal ulcer[
十二指肠溃疡]
•ECG.(EKG.)- electrocardiograph[
心电图]
•ECHO .-echogram[
超声]
•EDD.(EDC)-expected date of delivery (confinement)[
预产期]
•ENT. – ears, nose and throat[
五官科]

•EMG.– electromyogram[肌电图]
•ER. – emergency room[
急诊室]
•et al.-and elsewhere[
等等]
•etc. – and so forth[
等等]
•F.(Fahr.)-Fahrenheit [
华氏]
•F- Female[
女性]
•F.B.S.- fasting blood sugar[
空腹血糖]
•FDP.-fibrinogen degradation products[
纤维蛋白原降解产物]
•FFA. – free fatty acid[
游离脂肪酸]
•FUO. – fever of unknown origin[
不明原因发热]
•FX. – fracture [
骨折]
•GH. – growth hormone[
生长素]
•GI.- gastrointestinal[
消化]
•GITS. – gastrointestinal therapy system[
胃肠治疗系统]

•gtt.– drops[]
•GU.- gastric ulcer[
胃溃疡]
•Hb. – hemoglobin[
血红蛋白]
•HBp.-high blood pressure[
高血压]
•HCG. – human choroionic gonadotropic hormone[
人绒毛膜促性腺激素]
•HDL.- high density lipoprotein[
高密度脂蛋白]
•HR.-heart rate[
心率]
•ht.-height[
身高]
•HTN.-hypertension[
高血压]
•Hx.-history [
病历]
•Hypo.-hypodermic injection[
皮下注射]
•IABP.-intra – aortic balloon pacing[
主动脉内囊反搏]
•I/O.-intake and output [
进出量]
•ICU. – intensive care unit[
重症监护病房]
•ie. – that is [
]
•Ig. – immunoglobulin[
免疫球蛋白]
•Im. – iutramuscular[
肌内的]
•INH.- inhalation[
吸入]
•INH.- isoniazid[
异烟肼]
•Inj.- injection[
注射]
•Int.- intern[
实习生]
•IP.- in-patient[
住院病入]
•Iu.- international unit[
国防单位]
•IV.-intravenously[
静脉内]
•J.- joule[
焦耳]
[
肾、输尿管和膀胱]

•LBp.-lowblood pressure [低血压]
•LC. – laparoscopic cholecystectomy[
腹腔镜胆囊切除术]
•LDL.-Low density lipoprotein[
低密度脂蛋白]
•Liq. – liquid[
液体]
•LMP.- last menstrual period[
未次月经]
•LP. –lumbar puncture[
腰穿]

•M.–male[男性]
•MCD.-mean corpuscular diameter[
平均红细胞直径]
•MCH.-mean corpuscular hemoglobin[
平均红细胞血红蛋白量]
•MCHC.-mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration[
平均红细胞血红蛋白浓度]
•MCV.-mean corpuscular volume[
平均红细胞体积]
•MI.-myocardial infarction[
心梗]
•min.-minute[
]
•mixt
–mixture[合剂]
•mmHg.- millimeters of mercury[
毫米汞柱]
•MRI.- magnetic resonance image[
核磁共振]
•MS.- mitral stenosis[
二尖瓣狭窄]
•N/V.-nausea and vomiting[
恶心呕吐]
•N.B – note bene [
注意]
•NE.- norepinephrine [
去甲肾上腺炎]
•neg.- negative[
阴性的]
•NIDDM.- non-insulin-dependent diabetis mellitus[II
型糖尿病]
•norm.- normal[
正常的]

•NPN.-non-proteinnitrogen[非蛋白氮]
•NPO.- non-peros[
禁食]
•NS. –normal saline[
生理盐水]
•OB.- obstetrics [
产科学]
•OGTT.- oral glucose tolerance test[
口服糖耐量试验]
•OP.- out-patient[
门诊病人]
•OPC.- out-patient clinic[
门诊]
•OR.- operating room[
手术室]
•OT. – old tuberculin[
旧结核菌素]
•P-pulse[
脉搏]医学全在线
•P.C.- post cibum [
饭后]
•PE. (Px.)- physical examination[
体检]
•PG. – prostaglandin[
前列腺素]
•PH. – past history [
过去史]
•PHI. – present history illness[
现病史]
•PM.- post meridiem[
下午]

•Post-op.-postoperation[术后]
•pre-op.- preoperation[
术前]
•priv. – private[
私人的]
•prn.-pro re nata[
必要时]
•prog.- prognosis[
预后]
•P.S. – postscript[
附言]
•Psy.- psychiatry[
精神病学]
•psychol. – psychology[
心理学]
•PT. – physical therapy[
物理疗法]
•PT.- prothrombin time[
凝血酶原时间]
•qd.- quaque die [
每日一次]
•qid.-quater in die [
每日四次]
•qn.-quaque nocte[
每晚]
•RBC.-red blood count[
红细胞计数]
•ref.-reference[
参考文献]
•RHD.-Rheumatic heart disease[
风心病]
•RI.-regular insulin[
正规胰岛素]

•rout.-routin[常规]
•RT.-radiotherapy[
放射治疗]
•SBE –subacute bacterial endocarditis[
亚急性细菌性心内膜炎]
•Seq.-sequela[
后遗症]
•sex.-sexual[
性别的]
•sig.-signa[
标明用法]
•SK.-streptokinase[
链激酶]
•SLE.-sgstemic lupus erythematosus[
系统性红斑狼疮]
•SM.-systolic murmur[
收缩期杂音]
•SR.-sinus rhythm[
窦性节律]
•SSS.-sick sinus syndrome[
病窦综合征]
•ST.- skin test[
皮试]
•stat.- at once[
立即]
•Sx.- symptom or sign[
症状或体征]
•Syr.- syrup[
糖浆]
•Tab.- stablet[
片剂]

•TAT.-toxin-antitoxin[毒素抗毒素]
•TB.-tuberculosis[
结核]
•tid.- three times daily[
每日三次]
•TSH.- thyroid-stimulating hormone[
促甲状腺激素]
•us.- ultrasound[
超声]
•VIP.- very important person[
贵宾]
•Vit.- vitamine[
维生素]
•VSD.- ventricular septal defect[
室缺]
•VMA.- hydroxymandelic acid[
香草杏仁酸]
•WBC.- white blood cell[
白细胞]
•Wt.- weight[
体重]
•Y/O.- years old [
]

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